Split-intein mediated circular ligation used in the synthesis of cyclic peptide libraries in E. coli

Ali Tavassoli, Stephen J. Benkovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

124 Scopus citations


Recent advances in chemical biology and the advantages presented by in vivo screening have highlighted the need for a robust and flexible biologically synthesized small-molecule library. Herein we describe a method for the biosynthesis of cyclic peptide libraries of up to 108 members in Escherichia coli using split-intein circular ligation of peptides and proteins (SICLOPPS). The method utilizes split-intein chemistry to cyclize randomized peptide sequences. The cyclic peptide library can potentially be of any size and the peptide itself may contain unlimited random residues. However, the library size is limited by the transformation efficiency of E. coli and random residues are generally limited to five, but additional amino acids can be used in the cyclic peptide backbone, varying the structure and ring size of the cyclic peptide. SICLOPPS libraries have been combined with a bacterial reverse two-hybrid system in our labs and used in the identification of inhibitors of several protein-protein interactions. This protocol is expected to take around 3-4 weeks to implement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1126-1133
Number of pages8
JournalNature Protocols
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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