Spontaneous raman spectroscopy applied to propellant flames

Tim P. Parr, Donna M. Hanson-Parr, M. D. Smooke, R. A. Yetter, M. A. Tanoff

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Spontaneous Raman scattering spectroscopy was applied to flames of the nitramines HMX, RDX, and nitramine-containing propellant XM39 and to counterflow flames of ammonium perchlorate with methane and ethylene. The best results were obtained for the counterflow flames and for XM39 for which long integration times without the problem of laser-induced breakdown were possible. Temperature was also obtained for XM39 by measuring Stokes and anti-Stokes Raman signals. Results for RDX near its surface was obtained, but due to insufficient spatial resolution, no profiles were measured. A large NO signal was seen with HCN still present. Limited results were obtained for HMX in which laser-induced breakdown was a big problem as well as strong emissions of Na* and CaOH*, from sodium and calcium compound impurities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - 1999
Event35th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 1999 - Los Angeles, United States
Duration: Jun 20 1999Jun 24 1999


Other35th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 1999
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLos Angeles

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering


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