Spray nozzle selection contributes to improved postemergence herbicide crabgrass control in turfgrass

Edward Nangle, Zane Raudenbush, Tyler Morris, Michael Fidanza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


For optimum postemergence crabgrass (Digitaria spp.) control, a single quinclorac herbicide application could be properly timed and delivered with spray nozzles that produce spray droplets ranging from very coarse (401-500 µm) to medium (226325 µm) in size to maximize target coverage and minimize the potential for drift. Crabgrass is an invasive annual grass weed of cool-season turfgrass maintain as lawns, golf courses, and sports pitches. Postemergence herbicide applications for crabgrass control in turfgrass swards often rely on repeated applications for effective control. Optimizing postemergence crabgrass applications can reduce pesticide inputs and contribute to sustainable turfgrass management practices. Two field studies evaluating crabgrass control were conducted in 2020 in a mixed stand of Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.) with perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) in Ohio (USA) and in perennial ryegrass in Pennsylvania (USA). Both sites have histories of natural crabgrass [Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop.] infestation. A postemergence herbicide, quinclorac, was applied at the product label rate and tank-mixed with methylated seed oil at the crabgrass plant stage of three-leaf to one tiller. Different spray nozzles were selected to deliver the following spray droplet classifications and sizes at 275 kPa: Delavan Raindrop 1/4, ultra coarse (>650 µm); TurfJet 1/4TTJO4, extremely coarse (501-650 µm); Air Induction AA8004 or XRTeeJet 8015, very coarse (401-500 µm); XR TeeJet 8008 or GreenLeaf TDAD04, coarse (326-400 µm); XR TeeJet 8004, medium (226-325 µm); and XRTeeJet 8003 fine (145-225 µm). Crabgrass pressure was low in Ohio, and herbicide efficacy at 60 days after treatment was considered acceptable when applied from all spray nozzles that produced spray droplet sizes ranging from ultra coarse to fine. Crabgrass pressure was severe in Pennsylvania, and herbicide efficacy at 60 DAT was considered marginally acceptable when applied from spray nozzles that produced spray droplet sizes ranging from very coarse to medium. Future research should consider cultural practices that would be complementary to postemergence herbicide applications with the goal to reduce pesticide use further and minimize any potential environmental impacts related to spray drift.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1846
JournalItalian Journal of Agronomy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 8 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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