Stability and low-energy orientations of interphase boundaries in multiaxial ferroelectrics: Phase-field simulations

Yang Zhang, Fei Xue, Bo Wang, Jia Mian Hu, Shuai Dong, Jun Ming Liu, Long Qing Chen

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The coexistence of different ferroelectric phases enables the tunability of the macroscopic properties and extensive applications from piezoelectric transducers to nonvolatile memories. Here we develop a thermodynamic model to predict the stability and low-energy orientations of boundaries between different phases in ferroelectrics. Taking lead zirconate titanate and bismuth ferrite as two examples, we demonstrate that the low-energy orientations of interphase boundaries are largely determined by minimizing the electrostatic and elastic energies. Phase-field simulations are employed to analyze the competition between the interfacial energy and the electrostatic and elastic energies. Our simulation results demonstrate that the lowering of crystal symmetry could occur due to the electrical and mechanical incompatibilities between the two phases, which can be used to explain the experimentally observed low-symmetry phases near morphotropic phase boundaries. Our work provides theoretical foundations for understanding and controlling the interphase boundaries in ferroelectric materials for multifunctional applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number014108
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume105
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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