Statin Use and Survival among Men Receiving Androgen-Ablative Therapies for Advanced Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Viranda H. Jayalath, Roderick Clark, Katherine Lajkosz, Rouhi Fazelzad, Neil E. Fleshner, Laurence H. Klotz, Robert J. Hamilton

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Importance: Epidemiological evidence supports a role for statins in improving survival in advanced prostate cancer, particularly among men receiving androgen-ablative therapies. Objective: To study the association between statin use and survival among men with prostate cancer receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) or androgen receptor axis-targeted therapies (ARATs). Data Sources: This systemic review and meta-analysis used sources from MEDLINE, EMBASE, Epub Ahead of Print, Cochrane Clinical Trials, Cochrane Systematic Reviews, and Web of Science from inception to September 6, 2022. Study Selection: Observational studies reporting associations of concurrent statin use and survival outcomes (in hazard ratios [HRs]). Data Extraction and Synthesis: Two authors independently abstracted all data. Summary estimates pooled multivariable HRs with 95% CIs using the generic inverse variance method with random-effects modeling. A priori specified subgroup and sensitivity analyses were undertaken, and heterogeneity, study quality, and publication bias were evaluated. Confidence in the evidence was assessed using the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation) approach. Main Outcomes and Measures: Overall mortality and prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM). Results: Twenty-five cohorts of 119878 men (65488 statin users [55%]) with more than 74416 deaths were included. Concurrent statin use was associated with a 27% reduction in the risk of overall mortality (HR, 0.73 [95% CI, 0.66-0.82]; I2= 83%) and a 35% reduction in the risk of PCSM (HR, 0.65 [95% CI, 0.58-0.73]; I2= 74%), with substantial heterogeneity in both estimates. Subgroup analyses identified a PCSM advantage associated with statins for men receiving ARATs compared with ADT alone (HR, 0.40 [95% CI, 0.30-0.55] vs 0.68 [95% CI, 0.60-0.76]; P =.002 for difference). Confidence in the evidence was rated low for both outcomes. Conclusions and Relevance: The findings of this meta-analysis show that concurrent statin use was associated with reduced overall mortality and PCSM among men receiving androgen-ablative therapies for advanced prostate cancer. These findings are limited by the observational nature of the data and residual unexplained interstudy heterogeneity. Randomized clinical trials are warranted to validate these results..

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E2242676
JournalJAMA network open
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 30 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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