Introduction: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) and H63D HFE polymorphism may modify amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We hypothesized that statins worsen phenotype in ALS mice, dependent on HFE genotype. Methods: Mice harboring SOD1G93A heterozygous for H67D Hfe (homologous to human H63D HFE) were administered simvastatin and/or coenzyme Q10, and were allowed to reach end stage. Disease progression was measured by grip strength. A separate group of animals was administered simvastatin and euthanized at the symptomatic 120-day time-point. Mitochondria from gastrocnemius muscle and lumbar spine were analyzed. Results: Simvastatin and H67D Hfe accelerated disease progression. Simvastatin decreased survival. Coenzyme Q10 did not rescue statin-induced effects. Statins did not alter mitochondrial protein levels. Conclusions: Statins and Hfe genotype alter disease course in the ALS mouse model. Because the H63D HFE polymorphism is present in 30% of patients with ALS, studying disease progression in patients who receive statins, stratified for HFE genotype, may guide therapy. Muscle Nerve, 2016 Muscle Nerve 54: 284–291, 2016.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Physiology (medical)