Statistical software

Chan Shen, Roger Klein, Perez Holguin, Afif N. Kulaylat

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


There are many different statistical software packages available on the market. The four most commonly used programs are SAS, SPSS, R, and STATA. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. It is important to match the software to the statistical needs and available expertise to work efficiently and optimize results. Investigators may choose their software based on several factors: budget including both initial costs and maintenance costs, programming skills required and learning curve, learning resources availability, the ability to handle large databases, graphing capabilities, how widely it is utilized within the research community that affects the potential to share codes with collaborators, compatibility with an operating system, server setup and other computer software, customization, and customer support. We provide a brief introduction to the aforementioned statistical software programs, focusing on the major distinguishing features between them. We note that Microsoft Excel can also provide rudimentary statistics; however, in this chapter, we concentrate on the software programs dedicated to statistical analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook for Designing and Conducting Clinical and Translational Surgery
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9780323903004
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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