Stereotypes of traditional and nontraditional childbearing roles

Stephanie A. Shields, Pamela E. Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Childless college students (135 male, 135 female) evaluated one of three childbearing orientations by means of an adjective check list (ACL) and multiple-choice questions. Participants read one of three paragraphs describing a hypothetical woman who was either pregnant and happy with the pregnancy, pregnant and not happy with the pregnancy, or intentionally childfree. Results showed favorable stereotyping of pregnant-happy, strongly unfavorable stereotyping of pregnant-unhappy, and no stereotyping of childfree. Implications for research on childbearing orientations are discussed, as are participants' own plans regarding marriage, employment, and parenthood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-376
Number of pages14
JournalSex Roles
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1983

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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