Cytoplasmic extracts of proliferating cells stimulate DNA synthesis in isolated nuclei of Xenopus laevis liver. When tested by the same assay, cytoplasmic extracts of resting cells are completely inactive. When cytoplasmic extracts are prepared from cell cycle specific temperature-sensitive mutants arrested in the G1 phase of the cell cycle by the nonpermissive temperature, they also fail to stimulate DNA synthesis in frog nuclei. The results indicate that, to stimulate DNA synthesis in isolated frog nuclei, essentially all information of G1 cells must be present.
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