Shrinkage, as an inherent property of cement during the curing process, has been a concern in the oil & gas industry for centuries. Therefore, expansive cement has been studied for many decades, primarily through incorporation of expansive additives. Nevertheless, traditional expansive additives are not able to achieve the required expansive ratio or maintain a good mechanical property for the cement composite at extreme underground condition. Accordingly, a new generation of expansive additive, which not only has the required expansion, but also work at the downhole high temperature and high pressure environment, and maintain or even enhance the mechanical property, is highly desired. In this study, a high enthalpy storage shape memory polymer (SMP) as a new class of expansive additive is investigated. It is found that the cement composite achieves 1.4% circumferential expansion by only 6% by weight of SMP additives. The compressive strength and flexural strength are also enhanced at the same time, which is hardly achievable by other expansive additives with the same concertation. Good pumpability is also proved by rheological study. The mechanism controlling the enhanced properties is reveled through morphological study and element mapping analysis at the SMP/cement interface.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Materials Science(all)