Strategic Ambiguity: How Pre-Tenure Faculty Negotiate the Hidden Rules of Academia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The tenure evaluation process is characterized by a lack of clarity and governed by unspoken rules. At the same time, while institutions have increased the presence of racially minoritized people among the ranks of faculty over the last 30 years, this growth in numbers has been concentrated among non-tenure track and pre-tenure levels. This study analyzes the ways that ambiguity in the tenure evaluation process contributes to the racialized hierarchy of the professoriate. Framed by theories of strategic ambiguity and racialized organizations, we interviewed 30 pre-tenure faculty at a research-intensive university. Findings reveal that faculty in our study relate to the ambiguity of tenure evaluation primarily in one of two ways: 1) with ambivalent acceptance or 2) with a critical understanding of ambiguity as strategic, benefitting the institution. These relationships to ambiguity were differentiated by race, with White faculty describing ambivalence and racially minoritized faculty critiquing ambiguity as strategic and inequitable. Finally, we found some evidence that some White pre-tenure faculty found paths to clarity through racial privilege. Implications for research and practice include a clearer understanding of the ways ambiguity in higher education is strategic and racialized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInnovative Higher Education
StatePublished - Oct 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education


Dive into the research topics of 'Strategic Ambiguity: How Pre-Tenure Faculty Negotiate the Hidden Rules of Academia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this