Strenuous exercise with caloric restriction: Effect on luteinizing hormone secretion

Nancy I. Williams, John C. Young, Janet W. McArthur, Beverly Bullen, Gary S. Skrinar, Barry Turnbull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


To test whether strenuous exercise with and without caloric restriction alters LH secretion, and whether these changes are apparent in the immediate post-exercise period, LH pulse parameters were studied in four moderately trained eumenorrheic women over three successive menstrual cycles. Blood samples were obtained 5 h before and 5 h after 90 min of running at 74% VO2max. Each test was preceded by a 7-d treatment of controlled diet and exercise (74% VO2max). During CONTROL, subjects were eucaloric on days 1-7, and performed no exercise on days 5-7. During STTI (short-term training inerease), subjects were eucaloric and completed 90 min runs on days 5-7. During DIET/STTI, subjects consumed 60% of the calories necessary to maintain weight on days 1-7, and exercised as in STTI. A significant decrease in overall (0700-1830 h) LH pulse frequency during DIET/STTI compared with CONTROL and STTI treatments was observed. No changes were found in mean scrum LH levels or peak amplitude. These results suggest that high-volume training combined with caloric restriction may predispose one to exercise-induced changes in LH pulse frequency, while adequate caloric intake may prevent these changes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1390-1398
Number of pages9
JournalMedicine and science in sports and exercise
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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