Stress relief in contact-aided compliant cellular mechanisms

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Compliant cellular structures with an internal contact mechanism are described in this paper. Contact during deformation reduces failure-causing bending stresses through stress relief thereby enabling such cellular structures to be stretched more than the corresponding structures without contact. Finite element analysis (FEA) is carried out to simulate the structure. An analytical model is developed to get results quicker than FEA and to develop insight into the mechanics of the deformation process. The error in prediction of the maximum stretching capacity using the analytical model is less than 7% when compared with finite element simulations. Several materials are investigated for such structures. Although the allowable strain of all these materials is small, the overall strain of the contact-aided cellular structures is at least an order of magnitude greater than that of the constitutive material. The contact mechanism and the induced stress relief increase the stretching capacity of the contact-aided cellular structures by as much as 100%. Experiments are conducted to validate the models, and good agreement is found. A high-strain morphing aircraft skin is examined as an application of these mechanisms. The results indicate that the proposed skin structure not only increases the morphing capacity but also decreases the structural mass by 13% as compared with a cellular skin without contact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)910091-9100911
Number of pages8190821
JournalJournal of Mechanical Design - Transactions of the ASME
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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