Structural features of a polysaccharide from the mucin of water hyacinth

Yernool V. Anjaneyalu, D. Channe Gowda, Belakavadi Neelisiddiah

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4 Scopus citations


The mucin found in the nodal region of the weed, water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), is a heteropolysaccharide composed of d-xylose, l-galactose and l-arabinose in the mol ratio of 1.3:1.2:1.0. Partial hydrolysis with acid gave four oligosaccharides which were characterized as: d-Xylp-(1 → 3)-l-Ara, l-Galp-(1 -→ 2)-l-Ara, d-Xylp-(1 → 3)-l-Galp-(1 → 2)-l-Ara, and d-Xylp-(1 → 2)-d-Xylp-(1 → 3)-l-Galp-(1 → 2)-l-Ara. These, together with the results of methylation analysis using GC and GC/MS and periodate oxidation, indicated that the trisaccharide repeating unit, → 4)-d-Xylp-(1 → 3)-l-Galp-(1 → 2)-l-Araf-(1 →, constitutes the backbone of the polysaccharide. Further, all the d-xylopyranosyl residues of the backbone are substituted at O-2 and, in addition, one out of seven such residues is also substituted at O-3; the substituents being l-Araf-(1 →, d-Xylp-(1 →, l-Galp-(1 →, d-Xylp-(1 → 3)-l-Araf-(1 →, residues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1961-1963
Number of pages3
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1983

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Plant Science
  • Horticulture


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