Structural model choices regularly overshadow parametric uncertainty in agent-based simulations of household flood risk outcomes

Jim Yoon, Heng Wan, Brent Daniel, Vivek Srikrishnan, David Judi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Agent-based models (ABMs) have been increasingly used for flood risk analysis, driven by the recognition that commonly used analyses typically neglect adaptive human behavior in relation to flood hazards. However, ABM simulation results can be highly sensitive to a number of modeling choices. Here, we introduce an agent-based modeling framework to explore the impact of structural versus parametric choices of household flood aversion on modeled outcomes of flood risk in a hypothetical urban environment. We deploy three structural variants of the model that fundamentally differ in the manner in which households are assumed to interface with flood hazards (disamenity, avoidance, and protection), evaluating multiple model parameterizations within each structural variant. The structural variants lead to fundamentally different conclusions regarding the evolution of flood risk, indicating that the structural choices made regarding human representation in flood risk ABMs have substantial bearing on modeling insights and ought to be elevated from an overlooked to a critical aspect of future modeling efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101979
JournalComputers, Environment and Urban Systems
Volume103
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Ecological Modeling
  • General Environmental Science
  • Urban Studies

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