Structural requirements for the inhibition of calcium mobilization and mast cell activation by the pyrazole derivative BTP2

Mankit Law, J. Luis Morales, Laurie F. Mottram, Archana Iyer, Blake R. Peterson, Avery August

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Mast cells play a critical role in the development of the allergic response. Upon activation by allergens and IgE via the high affinity receptor for IgE (FcεRI), these cells release histamine and other functional mediators that initiate and propagate immediate hypersensitivity reactions. Mast cells also secrete cytokines that can regulate immune activity. These processes are controlled, in whole or part, by increases in intracellular Ca 2+ induced by the FcεRI. We show here that N-(4-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)-1H- pyrazol-1-yl)phenyl)-4-methyl-1,2,3-thiadiazole-5-carboxamide (BTP2), a pyrazole derivative, inhibits activation-induced Ca 2+ influx in the rat basophil cell line RBL-2H3 and in bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs), without affecting global tyrosine phosphorylation of cellular proteins or phosphorylation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases Erk1/2, JNK and p38. BTP2 also inhibits activation-induced degranulation and secretion of interleukin (IL)-2, IL-3, IL-4, IL-6, IL-13, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) by BMMCs, which correlates with the inhibition of Nuclear Factor of Activated T cells (NFAT) translocation. In vivo, BTP2 inhibits antigen-induced histamine release. Structure-activity relationship analysis indicates that substitution at the C3 or C5 position of the pyrazole moiety on BTP2 (5-trifluoromethyl-3-methyl- pyrazole or 3-trifluoromethyl-5-methyl-pyrazole, respectively) affected its activity, with the trifluoromethyl group at the C3 position being critical to its activity. We conclude that BTP2 and related compounds may be potent modulators of mast cell responses and potentially useful for the treatment of symptoms of allergic inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1228-1239
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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