The effects of Er defects on the structure and energetics of LiNbO 3 are determined using electronic-structure calculations at the level of density-functional theory combined with thermodynamic calculations. It is found that under both Li2O -rich and Nb2O5 -rich conditions, Er3+ sits on the Li site and is displaced along the uniaxial direction of the hexagonal structure toward the vacant cation site. The charge compensation mechanism is predicted to be lithium vacancies under Nb2O5 -rich conditions, consistent with a previous conjecture; charge compensation is predicted to be by Er3+ on a Nb site under Li2O -rich conditions. It is also found that low concentration of lithium vacancies could significantly affect the defect chemistry: when a Li-poor congruent sample is converted to the stoichiometric, there may be a negligible concentration of Er on Nb sites. The diffusivity and average diffusion distance under annealing of defects are also discussed.
|Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
|Published - Oct 8 2009
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics