Structure and mechanical properties of compressed sodium aluminosilicate glasses: Role of non-bridging oxygens

Tobias K. Bechgaard, Ashutosh Goel, Randall E. Youngman, John C. Mauro, Sylwester J. Rzoska, Michal Bockowski, Lars R. Jensen, Morten M. Smedskjaer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations


Clarifying the effect of pressure on the structure of aluminosilicate glasses is important for understanding the densification mechanism of these materials under pressure and the corresponding changes in macroscopic properties. In this study, we examine changes in density, network structure, indentation hardness, and crack resistance of sodium aluminosilicate glasses with varying Al/Si ratio and thus non-bridging oxygen (NBO) content before and after 1 GPa isostatic compression at elevated temperature. With increasing NBO content, the silicate network depolymerizes, resulting in higher atomic packing density, lower hardness, and higher crack resistance. The ability of the glasses to densify under isostatic compression is higher in the high-NBO glasses, and these glasses also exhibit more pronounced pressure-induced changes in mechanical properties. The 27Al NMR data show a surprising presence of five-fold aluminum in the as-made high-NBO glasses, with additional formation upon compression. Our study therefore provides new insights into the complicated relationship between Al coordination and NBO content in aluminosilicate glasses and how it affects their densification behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-57
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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