Structure of the university personality inventory for chinese college students

Jieting Zhang, Stephanie Lanza, Minqiang Zhang, Binyuan Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The University Personality Inventory, a mental health instrument for college students, is frequently used for screening in China. However, its unidimensionality has been questioned. This study examined its dimensions to provide more information about the specifi c mental problems for students at risk. Four subsamples were randomly created from a sample (N = 6,110; M age = 19.1 yr.) of students at a university in China. Principal component analysis with Promax rotation was applied on the fi rst two subsamples to explore dimension of the inventory. Confi rmatory factor analysis was conducted on the third subsample to verify the exploratory dimensions. Finally, the identifi ed factors were compared to the Symptom Checklist–90 (SCL–90) to support validity, and sex diff erences were examined, based on the fourth subsample. Five factors were identifi ed: Physical Symptoms Cognitive Symptoms, Emotional Vulnerability, Social Avoidance, and Interpersonal Sensitivity, accounting for 60.3% of the variance. All the fi ve factors were signifi - cantly correlated with the SCL-90. Women scored signifi cantly higher than men on Cognitive Symptoms and Interpersonal Sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)821-839
Number of pages19
JournalPsychological reports
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Psychology


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