Study of heart function in PRE-Eclampsia during and after PreGnancy (SHePREG): The pilot cohort

Marwan Ma'ayeh, Omer Cavus, Lauren J. Hassen, Martin Johnson, Taryn Summerfield, Mosammat Begom, Amanda Cai, Laxmi Mehta, Kara Rood, Elisa A. Bradley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Pre-eclampsia with severe features (severe PreE) is associated with heart dysfunction, yet the impact beyond pregnancy, including its association with cardiomyopathic genetic polymorphisms, remains poorly understood. Objective: We aimed to characterize the temporal impact of severe PreE on heart function through the 4th trimester in women with and without deleterious cardiomyopathic genetic variants. Methods: Pregnant women were enrolled to undergo transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in late pregnancy and 3 months postpartum. In women with severe PreE a targeted approach to identify pathogenic cardiomyopathic genetic polymorphisms was undertaken, and heart function was compared in carriers and noncarriers. Results: Pregnant women (32 ± 4 years old, severe PreE = 14, control = 8) were enrolled between 2019 - 2021. Women with severe PreE displayed attenuated myocardial relaxation (mitral e’ = 11.0 ± 2.2 vs 13.2 ± 2.3 cm/sec, P < .05) in late pregnancy, and on in-silico analysis, deleterious cardiomyopathic variants were found in 58%. At 103 ± 33 days postpartum, control women showed stability in myocardial relaxation (Mitral e’ Entry: 13.2 ± 2.3 vs Postpartum: 13.9 ± 1.7cm/sec, P = .464), and genetic negative severe PreE women (G−) demonstrated recovery of diastolic function to control level (Mitral e’ Entry: 11.0 ± 3.0 vs Postpartum 13.7 ± 2.8cm/sec, P < .001), unlike their genetic positive (G+) counterparts (Mitral e’ Entry: 10.5 ± 1.7 vs Postpartum 10.8 ± 2.4cm/sec, P = .853). Conclusions: Postpartum recovery of heart function after severe PreE is attenuated in women with deleterious cardiomyopathic genetic polymorphisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-55
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Volume269
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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