In order to reduce unsprung mass and ensure driving comfortability, a novel electrical vehicle (EV) drive system, which integrated the wheel-side reducer and a single trailing arm, was studied in this paper. Firstly, the general structure of the drive system was studied, in which the reducer not only worked as a wheel-side reducer but also as the single trailing arm. Then, the transmission power losses were modeled by integrating different load-independent and load-independent models of power losses. Next, the experiment of the power losses test for the wheel-side drive system was conducted, which declared the patterns of power losses of electric motor and the whole drive system. Finally, the power losses of wheel-side reducer based on NEDC are studied, which illustrates oil churning and gear sliding power losses are the main types of transmission power losses. At low rotational velocities, gear friction power losses are larger than oil churning power losses. While at high rotational velocities, oil churning power losses are dominant. The transmission efficiency of the reducer based on NEDC varies among the range of 78 ∼ 95 %, which depends on the torque and rotational velocity transmitted from the driving motor to EV’s wheel.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Automotive Engineering