Platelet adhesion is a key event in thrombus development on blood-contacting medical devices. It has been demonstrated that changes to the chemistry of a material surface can reduce platelet adhesion. In this work, it is hypothesized that sub-micron surface textures may also reduce adhesion via a decrease in the surface area of material with which platelets can make contact, and hence a decreased probability of interaction with adhesive ligands. A polyether(urethane urea) was textured with two different sizes of sub-micron pillars using a replication molding technique that did not alter the material surface chemistry. Adhesion of platelets was assessed in a physiologically relevant shear stress range of 0-67 dyn/cm2 using a rotating disk system. Platelets were immunofluorescently labeled and adhesion was compared on smooth and textured samples. Platelet adhesion was greatest at low shear stress ranging from 0 to 5 dyn/cm2, and sub-micron textures were observed to reduce platelet adhesion in this range. Additionally, non-adherent platelets did not demonstrate large-scale activation after exposure to textured samples. We conclude that surface textures with sub-platelet dimensions may reduce platelet adhesion from plasma to polyether(urethane urea) at low shear stress.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Biomedical Engineering
- Metals and Alloys