Subjective memory in older African Americans

Regina C. Sims, Keith E. Whitfield, Brian J. Ayotte, Alyssa A. Gamaldo, Christopher L. Edwards, Jason C. Allaire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


The current analysis examined (a) if measures of psychological well-being predict subjective memory, and (b) if subjective memory is consistent with actual memory. Five hundred seventy-nine older African Americans from the Baltimore Study of Black Aging completed measures assessing subjective memory, depressive symptomatology, perceived stress, locus of control, and verbal and working memory. Higher levels of perceived stress and greater externalized locus of control predicted poorer subjective memory, but subjective memory did not predict objective verbal or working memory. Results suggest that subjective memory is influenced by aspects of psychological well-being but is unrelated to objective memory in older African Americans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-240
Number of pages21
JournalExperimental Aging Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aging
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • General Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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