Succinct Description and Efficient Simulation of Non-Markovian Open Quantum Systems

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Abstract

Non-Markovian open quantum systems represent the most general dynamics when the quantum system is coupled with a bath environment. The quantum dynamics arising from many important applications are non-Markovian. Although for special cases, such as Hamiltonian evolution and Lindblad evolution, quantum simulation algorithms have been extensively studied, efficient quantum simulations for the dynamics of non-Markovian open quantum systems remain underexplored. The most immediate obstacle for studying such systems is the lack of a universal succinct description of their dynamics. In this work, we fulfill the gap of studying such dynamics by (1) providing a succinct representation of the dynamics of non-Markovian open quantum systems with quantifiable error, and (2) developing an efficient quantum algorithm for simulating such dynamics with cost O(tpolylog(t/ϵ)) for evolution time t and precision ϵ. Our derivation of the succinct representation is based on stochastic Schrödinger equations, which could lead to new alternatives to deal with open quantum systems as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-183
Number of pages37
JournalCommunications In Mathematical Physics
Volume401
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics

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