Sugammadex given for rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade in infants: a retrospectıve study

Ozlem Ozmete, Cagla Bali, Oya Yalcin Cok, Hatice Evren Eker Turk, Nesrın Bozdogan Ozyilkan, Soner Civi, Anıs Aribogan

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of sugammadex in reversing profound neuromuscular block induced by rocuronium in infant patients. Design Retrospective observational study. Setting University teaching hospital. Patients Twenty-six infants (2-12 months of age; 3-11 kg) with an American Society of Anesthesiologists classification I, II, or III who were scheduled to undergo neurosurgical procedures were included in the study. Interventions Anesthesia was induced with 5 mg/kg thiopental, 1 μg/kg fentanyl and 0.6 mg/kg rocuronium. Sevoflurane was administered to all patients after intubation. Methods The neuromuscular block was monitored with acceleromyography using train-of-four (TOF) stimuli. Patients received additional doses of rocuronium to maintain a deep block during surgery. If profound neuromuscular block (TOF, 0) persisted at the end of the surgery, 3 mg /kg sugammadex was administered. Measurements The demographic data, surgeries, and anesthetic agents were recorded. The time from sugammadex administration to recovery of neuromuscular function (TOF ratio, >0.9) and complications during and after extubation were also recorded. Main results Twenty-six infants who had a deep neuromuscular block (TOF, 0) at the end of surgery received 3 mg/kg sugammadex. The mean recovery time of the T4/T1 ratio of 0.9 was 112 seconds. No clinical evidence of recurarization or residual curarization was observed. Conclusions The efficacy and safety of sugammadex were confirmed in infant surgical patients for reversal of deep neuromuscular block induced by rocuronium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-501
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Anesthesia
Volume35
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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