Sulfonated cellulose (SC) was successfully derived from microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) extracted from sugarcane bagasse, which is a type of agricultural waste. The obtained MCC was first modified by oxidation using sodium periodate in order to cleave the carbon-carbon bonds at the C2 and C3 of the pyranose ring to form 2,3-dialdehyde cellulose. These activated aldehyde groups significantly facilitated the sulfonation carried out using potassium metabisulfite. The sulfonic acid group contents, surface morphology, and water solubility of the obtained products were characterized by titration, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, UV–vis spectroscopy, and zeta potential. High sulfonic acid group content was achieved for the obtained SC samples (i.e., 305–689 μmol/g). The increase in the sulfonic acid group content resulted in the gradual change in the surface morphology and water solubility of the SC samples. The obtained results imply that sugarcane bagasse is a promising raw material for the production of SC with good water solubility.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry