Supercritical water oxidation of methylamine

Kenneth M. Benjamin, Phillip E. Savage

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Methylamine was oxidized in supercritical water in a Hastelloy tubular flow reactor at 249 atm and temperatures between 390 and 500 °C. The major carbon-containing products were CO 2 and CO, with trace amounts of CH 3OH. The major nitrogen-containing products were NH 3, N 2O, and N 2. A reaction network consistent with all the results has been constructed. Ammonia appears to be the exclusive nitrogen-containing intermediate between methylamine and the final products, N 2O and N 2. The disappearance of ammonia during methylamine SCWO is markedly faster than that during oxidation of ammonia alone. Approximately 3-4 times more N 2O is produced than N 2, whereas the N 2O/N 2 ratio is essentially zero when ammonia is oxidized alone in SCW. We attribute these differences in the rate of and selectivity from ammonia oxidation in supercritical water in the present experiments to the presence of methylamine in the reaction environment and catalytic chemistry on the reactor walls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5318-5324
Number of pages7
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jul 6 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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