Suppression of the metal to semiconductor transition in bismuth cobaltates: Can cobaltates superconduct?

S. M. Loureiro, D. P. Young, R. Jin, Y. Liu, P. Bordet, Y. Qin, H. Zandbergen, M. Godinho, M. Núñez-Reguein, B. Batlogg, R. J. Cava

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Single crystals of Bi2M3Co2Oy phases with M=Ca, Sr, and Ba were synthesized by the flux method. These compounds are analogous to Bi-2212 superconducting systems with cobalt replacing copper. Due to its strong chemical and structural similarity with the Bi-2212 superconductors, this system provides a unique opportunity for determining which electronic features are essential for superconductivity in the cuprates. The undoped Ca- and Sr-analogues are semiconducting while the Ba-analogue has a metal to semiconductor transition at ≈80K. In order to change the carrier concentration of these phases, new Pb-substituted single crystals were prepared by a similar method. Resistivity measurements have shown that Pb-doping induces a clear increase in the metallic character of the samples for the Sr- and Ba-analogues. The metal to semiconductor transition in Bi2Ba3CO2Oy, can be completely suppressed by Pb-doping, and (Bi,Pb)2Ba3Co2Oy, is metallic down to 30mK. The magnetic susceptibility data did not show any evidence of ordering, and the magnetic moment/Co atom was found to be ≈1μB Resistivity measurements carried out up to 20 GPa have shown that the samples become more semiconducting with the increase of pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)793-794
Number of pages2
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Issue numberPART 3
StatePublished - 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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