The spread of bacteria through contaminated surfaces is a major issue in healthcare, food industry, and other economic sectors. The widespread use of antibiotics is not a sustainable solution in the long term due to the development of antibiotic resistance. Therefore, surfaces with antibacterial properties have the potential to be a disruptive approach to combat microbial contamination. Different methods and approaches have been studied to impart or enhance antibacterial properties on surfaces. The surface roughness and texture are inherent parameters that significantly impact the antibacterial properties of a surface. They are also directly related to the previously employed machining and treatment methods. This review article discusses the correlation between surface roughness and antibacterial properties is presented and discussed. It begins with an introduction to the concepts of surface roughness and texture, followed by a description of the most commonly utilized machining methods and surface. A thorough analysis of bacterial adhesion and growth is then presented. Finally, the most recent studies in this research area are comprehensively reviewed. The studies are sorted and classified based on the utilized machining and treatment methods, which are divided into mechanical processes, surface treatments and coatings. Through the systematic review and record of the recent advances, the authors aim to assist and promote further research in this very promising and extremely important direction, by providing a systematic review of recent advances.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry