Motivated to explore the ultimate limits of surface-enhanced nonlinear spectroscopies, we report on the first observation of molecular second hyper-Raman scattering with the aid of surface enhancement and provide a new theoretical framework for first-principles calculations of the second hyper-Raman effect. Second hyper-Raman enhancement factors, determined to be a minimum of 105 times stronger than those in Raman scattering, demonstrate a clear trend toward larger enhancements for nonlinear phenomena, and the nearly quantitative agreement between simulation and experiment provides a unique spectroscopic window into higher-order molecular responses.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry