We have studied hormonal regulation of the surfactant protein C (SP-C) in fetal 18-day rat lung explants. SP-C mRNA was detected in Northern blots with a specific rat SP-C cDNA probe and quantified by densitometry. Treatment of the explants with dexamethasone resulted in a dose-dependent increase of the SP-C mRNA level. Transcriptional assays have shown that the regulation of SP- C mRNA by dexamethasone involves a transcriptional step. Administration of the cAMP analogues, 8-bromoadenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-BrcAMP) or dibutyryl adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (DBcAMP), produced a dose- dependent increase of SP-C mRNA levels, with maximum stimulation observed at 200 μM. The thyroid hormone T3 had no effect on SP-C mRNA levels, whether administered alone or in combination with dexamethasone. Variation in the effects of the above hormones on three surfactant protein mRNAs, SP-A, SP-B and SP-C, indicates that the hormonal regulation of the surfactant proteins is a complex process and that each gene is, in part, differentially regulated.
|American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
|Published - 1992
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Physiology (medical)
- Cell Biology