Large-scale collective motion emerging in a monolayer of vertically vibrated elongated particles is studied. The motion is characterized by recurring swirls, with the characteristic scale exceeding several times the size of an individual particle. Our experiments identified a small horizontal component of the oscillatory acceleration of the vibrating plate in combination with orientation-dependent bottom friction (with respect to horizontal acceleration) as a source for the swirl formation. We developed a continuum model operating with the velocity field and local alignment tensor, which is in qualitative agreement with the experiment.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|State||Published - May 1 2007|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics