Sympathetic outflow response to muscle during vestibular stimulation in humans.

J. Cui, C. Mukai, S. Iwase, N. Sawasaki, H. Kitazawa, T. Mano, Y. Sugiyama, Y. Wada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


To observe the effects of caloric vestibular stimulation on muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in humans, 14 healthy volunteers were monitored in a supine position by electrocardiogram (ECG), blood pressure (BP), electro-oculogram (EOG). MSNA was monitored by a double recording technique of microneurography from the bilateral tibial nerves. Caloric vestibular stimulation was loaded by injecting 50 ml 44 degrees C warm water and 50 ml 10 degrees C cold water alternately into the external meatus for 1 min. Nystagmus was evoked in all cases by cold stimulation and in some cases by hot stimulation. The nystagmus evoked by cold stimulation was more intense than that by hot stimulation. MSNA was enhanced by either cold or hot stimulation; however, the enhancement mode differed between cold and hot stimulation. Cold stimulation evoked two peaks of MSNA while hot stimulation elicited only one peak. The first peak (404.5 +/- 115.4% with control value set at 100%, mean +/- SE) was estimated to be caused by cold stimulation on the skin of the external meatus while the second peak (379.2 +/- 65.3%) seemed to be the result of vestibular stimulation. With hot stimulation, the response peak of MSNA was 243.3 +/- 28.1%. In general, MSNA was enhanced after vestibular stimulation with MSNA increases was proportional to the stimulated level of the vestibular system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-187
Number of pages5
JournalEnvironmental medicine : annual report of the Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Nagoya University
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Environmental Science


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