Synchrotron self-compton emission in the two-component jet model for gamma-ray bursts

Yuri Sato, Kaori Obayashi, B. Theodre Zhang, Shuta J. Tanaka, Kohta Murase, Yutaka Ohira, Ryo Yamazaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are intense bursts of high-energy photons (prompt emissions) caused by relativistic jets. After the emissions, multi-wavelength afterglows, from radio to very-high-energy (VHE) gamma-ray, last for more than a few days. In the past three years, the VHE gamma-ray photons from four GRBs (GRBs 180720B, 190114C, 190829A and 201216C) were detected by ground-based Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes, such as the Major Atmospheric Gamma Imaging Cherenkov (MAGIC) telescopes and the High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.). One of them, GRB 190829A, had some peculiar features of showing achromatic peaks in X-ray and optical bands at 1.4×103 s and being classified as low-luminosity GRBs. Previously, we proposed a two-component jet model, which has ‘narrow jet’ with a small initial opening half-angle θ0=0.015 rad and large bulk Lorentz factor Γ0=350, and ‘wide jet’ with θ0=0.1 rad and Γ0=20. The narrow jet explained the early X-ray and optical emissions and apparently small isotropic gamma-ray energy and peak energy in the off-axis viewing case. Furthermore, the late X-ray and radio (1.3 and 15.5 GHz) afterglows were emitted from the wide jet. Here, we calculate the VHE gamma-ray flux by the synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) emission. The multi-wavelength afterglows of GRB 190829A including the VHE gamma-ray emission are well explained by our two-component jet model. The afterglow emissions from our two-component jet are also consistent with the observational results of GRBs 180720B, 190114C and 201216C, when the jets are viewed on-axis. Furthermore, we discuss the detectability of off-axis orphan afterglows by the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-61
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of High Energy Astrophysics
StatePublished - Mar 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics


Dive into the research topics of 'Synchrotron self-compton emission in the two-component jet model for gamma-ray bursts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this