Synthesis and biological activity of isoprenoid bisphosphonates

Larry W. Shull, Andrew J. Wiemer, Raymond J. Hohl, David F. Wiemer

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67 Scopus citations


Bisphosphonates have been used in the clinic to treat osteoporosis and to reduce bone resorption and the accompanying pathological bone fractures that attend a number of malignancies including multiple myeloma and cancers of the prostate, breast, and lung. There is also evidence that some bisphosphonates have direct anticancer activity. Expansion of the current class of bisphosphonates may lead to compounds that more selectively and potently target these cancers through inhibition of the mevalonate pathway. To this end, a set of dialkyl bisphosphonates bearing isoprenoid chains of varying lengths has been synthesized. Some of these compounds were found to have biological activity on post-translational processing of the oncogenic small GTPases, Ras and Rap1a, in human-derived K562 leukemia cells. Most importantly, these compounds impair protein geranylgeranylation and not protein farnesylation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4130-4136
Number of pages7
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 15 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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