Synthesis and Thermal Expansion of MZr4P6O24 (M=Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba)

S. Y. Limaye, D. K. Agrawal, H. A. Mckinstry

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MZr4P6O24 (M=Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba), which belongs to a new, low‐thermal‐expansion family of materials known as [NZP] or [CTP], were synthesized by solid‐state reaction (oxide mixing) and sol‐gel methods, and their sinterability in two cases was investigated and compared. Thermal‐expansion measurements were made on sintered samples by dilatometry, high‐temperature X‐ray diffractometry, and the laser speckle technique. An anisotropy in axial thermal‐expansion coefficients was observed in these materials. CaZr4P6O24 and SrZ4P6O24 showed reverse anisotropy as well as opposite bulk thermal expansion; i.e., CaZr4P6O24 had negative bulk thermal expansion and SrZr4P6O24 positive bulk thermal expansion in the temperature range 25° to 500°C. The microstructure of the sintered samples was also examined by scanning electron microscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C‐232-C‐236
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1987

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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