Synthesis, characterization and formation mechanism of single-phase nanostructure bredigite powder

S. M. Mirhadi, F. Tavangarian, R. Emadi

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46 Scopus citations


Single-phase nanocrystalline bredigite powder was successfully synthesized by mechanical activation of talc, calcium carbonate, and amorphous silica powder mixture followed by annealing. Simultaneous thermal analysis (STA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS),and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) techniques were employed to characterize various powders. Single-phase nanostructure bredigite powder with crystallite size of about 65 nm was synthesized by 20 h of mechanical activation with subsequent annealing at 1200 °C for 1 h. The bredigite formation mechanism was studied. During the formation process of nanostructure bredigite powder some intermediate compounds such as wollastonite (CaSiO 3), larnite (Ca 2SiO 4), merwinite (Ca 3MgSi 2O 8), and calcium magnesium silicate (Ca 5MgSi 3O 12) were formed. It was found that bredigite was not produced directly and that the formation of merwinite, enstatite and Ca 5MgSi 3O 12was unavoidable during the synthesis of bredigite.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-139
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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