Synthesis of 11 Å Al-substituted tobermorite from trachyte rock by hydrothermal treatment

H. Youssef, D. Ibrahim, S. Komarneni, K. J.D. Mackenzie

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The alkaline hydrothermal activation of trachyte rock led to synthesis of technologically important 11 Å tobermorite. Tobermorite synthesis was studied by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and 29Si and 27Al high resolution magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS-NMR) spectroscopy. The influence of the reaction conditions such as different temperatures (150-170 °C), times (5-20 h) as well as different Ca/Si ratios of 0.6, 0.9 and 1.3 on tobermorite formation were investigated. The results showed that the main rock constituents were completely converted into a well crystallized Al-substituted 11 Å tobermorite when hydrothermally activated with 3.0 M NaOH under the optimum hydrothermal conditions of 170 °C for 20 h and using Ca/Si and Al/Al + Si ratios of 0.9 and 0.17, respectively. The local structure of the synthesized tobermorites as determined by MAS-NMR spectroscopy implied an alumino-silicate mean chain length of 5.9 units with 79% of the interlayer cross-links which are of {triple bond, long}Si-O-Al{triple bond, long} configuration. The present results show that trachyte rock could be considered as a new economic resource for synthesizing Al-substituted 11 Å tobermorites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-209
Number of pages7
JournalCeramics International
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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