Synthesis of indole-tethered [1,3,4]thiadiazolo and [1,3,4]oxadiazolo[3,2-a]pyrimidin-5-one hybrids as anti-pancreatic cancer agents

Lalitha Gummidi, Nagaraju Kerru, Paul Awolade, Asif Raza, Arun K. Sharma, Parvesh Singh

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New indole-tethered [1,3,4]thiadiazolo[3,2-a]pyrimidin-5-one (8a-j) and [1,3,4]oxadiazolo[3,2-a]pyrimidin-5-one hybrids (9a-e) were synthesized using [4+2] cycloaddition reactions of functionalized 1,3-diazabuta-1,3-dienes with indole-ketenes. All molecular hybrids were structurally characterized by spectroscopic techniques (IR, NMR, and HRMS) and screened for their anti-pancreatic cancer activity in vitro. The [1,3,4]oxadiazolo[3,2-a]pyrimidin-5-one hybrids (9a-e) showed stronger anti-pancreatic cancer activity than the [1,3,4]thiadiazolo[3,2-a]pyrimidin-5-one hybrids (8a-j) against the PANC-1 cell line. Compound 9d bearing an ortho-chlorophenyl moiety emerged as the most potent anti-pancreatic cancer agent with an IC50 value of 7.7 ± 0.4 µM, much superior to the standard drug Gemcitabine (IC50 > 500 µM). The discovery of these [1,3,4]thiadiazolo and [1,3,4]oxadiazolo[3,2-a]pyrimidin-5-one hybrids elicits their potentials as pursuable candidates for pancreatic cancer chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number127544
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Issue number22
StatePublished - Nov 15 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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