Synthesis of Solid, Spherical Zirconia Particles by Spray Pyrolysis

Shi‐Chang ‐C Zhang, Gary L. Messing, Michael Borden

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176 Scopus citations


A model is used to predict solid particle formation during spray pyrolysis by correlating droplet shrinkage before salt precipitation with its relative solution saturation. For the rapid drying conditions and droplet size of ∼ 10 μm, which are characteristic of conventional spray pyrolysis, solid salt particles are formed when a droplet's initial relative solution saturation is ∼ 10−2 and the precipitated salt is sufficiently permeable to permit evolution of the remaining solvent after precipitation. It is proposed that this concentration allows the drying droplet more time and a shorter diffusion distance in which to maintain chemical homogeneity before precipitation. Using these concepts it is demonstrated that zirconyl chloride (ZrOCI2· 8H2O) and zirconyl hydroxychloride (ZrO(OH)CI) are excellent zirconium salts for solid zirconia particle synthesis by spray pyrolysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-67
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1990

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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