Synthesis of thick and crystalline nanotube arrays by spray pyrolysis

R. Kamalakaran, M. Terrones, T. Seeger, Ph Kohler-Redlich, M. Rühle, Y. A. Kim, T. Hayashi, M. Endo

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198 Scopus citations


Arrays of aligned nanotubes of large diameter (100-250 nm) are synthesized by pyrolyzing a jet (spray) solution of Fe(C5H5)2 and C6H6 in an Ar atmosphere at relatively low temperatures (850°C). The tubular structures consist of highly crystalline nested graphene cylinders (<200 concentric tubes) with tips that are usually open. Raman studies confirm the high degree of perfection of these "thick" structures. Tube diameter, degree of alignment, and crystallinity can be controlled by varying the Ar flow rate and the Fe:C ratio within the precursor solution. Based on these observations a possible growth mechanism is suggested. This low cost route for the synthesis of carbon nanotubes is advantageous due to the absence of H2 as a carrier gas and the low pyrolytic temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3385-3387
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 20 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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