An efficient transition-metal-free method for the preparation of α,β-unsaturated N-aryl ketonitrones under mild conditions has been developed. This reaction shows good functional group tolerance for both electron-rich and electron-deficient substituents on both oximes and diaryliodonium salts. Two examples of gram-scale preparations have been realized in good yields. Further transformations of these nitrones to different N-heterocycles have been demonstrated. DFT calculations suggest that N-arylation products are formed by [1,3]-phenyl migration of an O-coordinated oximate complex via a four-centered transition state, while the O-arylation products are formed by [1,3]-phenyl migration of a N-coordinated oximate complex.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry