System modeling for grid-interactive efficient building applications

Yunyang Ye, Cary A. Faulkner, Rong Xu, Sen Huang, Yuan Liu, Draguna L. Vrabie, Jian Zhang, Wangda Zuo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Despite the abundance of research applications of system modeling in grid-interactive efficient buildings (GEBs), the transfer of those applications to real-world practices is still in its early stages. This is partially due to the lack of a summary on how system modeling should be established for a given application of GEBs. In this paper, we fill this gap by providing an extensive survey of the literature on system modeling for different GEBs that have been produced in the past decade. This survey involves over 300 relevant journal articles from the building community, the power system community, and the society of control. Specifically, we first identified key requirements of system modeling for GEBs based on various types of applications discussed in those publications. We then summarized the system modeling applications from those publications, in terms of their assumptions, modeling approach, and simulation. After that, we analyzed different assumptions made for various applications, the extent to which those modeling approaches satisfied the key requirements, and how those approaches can be scaled up for large-scale applications, which are quite common in GEBs. In addition, we gave insights on how to use system modeling for different applications in GEBs. At the end, we provided recommended directions for future studies to fully unleash the potentials of system modeling to support GEBs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106148
JournalJournal of Building Engineering
StatePublished - Jun 15 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Mechanics of Materials

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