Process chemical potential control and dislocation reduction were implemented to control oxygen concentration in N-polar GaN layers grown on sapphire substrates via metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). As process supersaturation was changed from ∼30 to 3400, the formation energy of the oxygen point defect increased, which resulted in a 25-fold decrease in oxygen incorporation. Reducing dislocations by approximately a factor of 4 (to ∼109 cm-3) allowed for further reduction of oxygen incorporation to the low-1017 cm-3 range. Smooth N-polar GaN layers with low oxygen content were achieved by a two-step process, whereas first a 1 µm thick smooth N-polar layer with high oxygen concentration was grown, followed by low oxygen concentration layer grown at high supersaturation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry