This systematic review aimed to examine the magnitude and direction of the associations between prenatal sleep behaviours (i.e. nighttime sleep duration, sleep quality, night awakenings and daytime nap duration) and eating behaviours, physical activity and gestational weight gain. A systematic search was conducted using Medline/PubMed, PsychINFO, CINAHL Complete, ProQuest Dissertations and Thesis A&I, and Web of Science to identify studies with at least one sleep measure, and either eating behaviours, physical activity and/or gestational weight gain. In summary, 11 studies met the review criteria and generated 11 total effect size across 10,900 participants. The majority of the studies were conducted after 2010, which highlights the infancy of this research. Overall, the strengths of the effect size were small: sleep-gestational weight gain (effect size = 0.29), sleep-eating behaviours (effect size = 0.13) and sleep-physical activity (effect size = 0.13). The only effect size that emerged as significant was for the pooled sleep behaviours-physical activity association; good sleep behaviours were positively associated with higher levels of physical activity. These findings summarize and provide insight on how sleep behaviours are related to prenatal gestational weight gain, eating behaviours and physical activity by identifying the strength and direction of the associations that have been previously unknown. Results support the rationale for future longitudinal and randomized control trials to examine the effects of sleep behaviours on gestational weight gain, eating behaviours and physical activity over the course of pregnancy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cognitive Neuroscience
- Behavioral Neuroscience