Teaching a problem-solving strategy to closed head-injured adults

R. M. Foxx, N. E. Marchand-Martella, R. C. Martella, D. Braunling-McMorrow, M. J. McMorrow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


This study developed and evaluated a program for teaching a problem-solving strategy to closed head-injured adults. Four general areas were targeted for training: Community Awareness and Transportation; Medication, Alcohol, and Drugs; Stating One's Rights; and Emergencies, Injuries, and Safety. The program featured cue cards, response-specific feedback, modeling, self-monitoring, positive reinforcement, response practice, self-correction, and individualized performance criterion levels. It was evaluated via pre- and posttraining generalization assessments that involved phone calls, interviews, and staged interactions in the natural environment. The experimental group (N = 3) received baseline, training, and pre/posttraining assessments, whereas the contrast group (N = 3) received only pre/posttraining assessments. The posttraining results revealed that the experimental subjects' problem-solving skills had generalized somewhat, whereas the contrast group showed little change from pre- to postassessment. The program appears to offer some promise as a method of teaching a problem-solving strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-210
Number of pages18
JournalBehavioral Residential Treatment
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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