Teaching a problem‐solving strategy to closed head‐injured adults

R. M. Foxx, Nancy E. Marchand‐Martella, Ronald C. Martella, Debra Braunling‐McMorrow, Martin J. McMorrow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


This study developed and evaluated a program for teaching a problemsolving strategy to closed head‐injured adults. Four general areas were targeted for training: Community Awareness and Transportation; Medication, Alcohol, and Drugs; Stating One's Rights; and Emergencies, Injuries, and Safety. The program featured cue cards, response‐specific feedback, modeling, self‐monitoring, positive reinforcement, response practice, self‐correction, and individualized performance criterion levels. It was evaluated via pre‐ and posttraining generalization assessments that involved phone calls, interviews, and staged interactions in the natural environment. The experimental group (N = 3) received baseline, training, and pre/posttraining assessments, whereas the contrast group (N = 3) received only pre/posttraining assessments. The posttraining results revealed that the experimental subjects' problem‐solving skills had generalized somewhat, whereas the contrast group showed little change from pre‐ to postassessment. The program appears to offer some promise as a method of teaching a problem‐solving strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-210
Number of pages18
JournalBehavioral Interventions
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1988

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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