Teaching and assessing procedural skills using simulation: Metrics and methodology

Richard L. Lammers, Moira Davenport, Frederick Korley, Sharon Griswold-Theodorson, Michael T. Fitch, Aneesh T. Narang, Leigh V. Evans, Amy Gross, Elliot Rodriguez, Kelly L. Dodge, Cara J. Hamann, Walter C. Robey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations


Simulation allows educators to develop learner-focused training and outcomes-based assessments. However, the effectiveness and validity of simulation-based training in emergency medicine (EM) requires further investigation. Teaching and testing technical skills require methods and assessment instruments that are somewhat different than those used for cognitive or team skills. Drawing from work published by other medical disciplines as well as educational, behavioral, and human factors research, the authors developed six research themes: measurement of procedural skills; development of performance standards; assessment and validation of training methods, simulator models, and assessment tools; optimization of training methods; transfer of skills learned on simulator models to patients; and prevention of skill decay over time. The article reviews relevant and established educational research methodologies and identifies gaps in our knowledge of how physicians learn procedures. The authors present questions requiring further research that, once answered, will advance understanding of simulation-based procedural training and assessment in EM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1079-1087
Number of pages9
JournalAcademic Emergency Medicine
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Emergency Medicine


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