Techniques for calibrating spindles with nanometer error motion

Robert Grejda, Eric Marsh, Ryan Vallance

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

97 Scopus citations


This work demonstrates techniques that advance the standard practice in spindle metrology and enable five degree-of-freedom calibration of precision spindles with nanometer-level error motion. Several improvements are described in this paper: (1) an improved implementation of Donaldson and Estler reversal that eliminates moving and realigning the displacement sensor, (2) frequency domain low-pass filtering of data to remove spectral content without distortion, (3) robust removal of low frequency components caused by thermal drift and fluctuations in air bearing supply pressure, and (4) three-dimensional display of the synchronous error motion in the radial and axial directions. Example measurements demonstrate the repeatability and reproducibility of the techniques. Furthermore, synchronous radial error motion of an air bearing spindle calibrated by multi-step, master artifact, and master axis techniques agree within 1 nm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-123
Number of pages11
JournalPrecision Engineering
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Techniques for calibrating spindles with nanometer error motion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this