Temperament Development, Theories of

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

11 Scopus citations


Temperament is defined as biologically rooted, early appearing dispositions that shape long-term patterns of socioemotional development. Much of the research has focused on broad dimensions of emotional reactivity, including positive and negative emotionality, and regulation, marked by effortful control. The article outlines five main research traditions that have approached temperament as both a continuous and a categorical construct. For each model, descriptions are provided for the dimensions/category proposed and their defining features, the underlying constitutional bases, and perspectives on temperamental continuity and discontinuity. Next, theoretical and measurement issues are discussed. Finally, we demonstrate how temperament may predict developmental psychopathology through temperament-by-temperament and temperament-by-environment moderations of early risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
StatePublished - Mar 26 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Social Sciences


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